Effect of fasudil on Rho-kinase and nephropathy in subtotally nephrectomized spontaneously hypertensive rats

Takeshi Kanda, Shu Wakino, Koichi Hayashi, Koichiro Homma, Yuri Ozawa, Takao Saruta

研究成果: Article査読

90 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background. Although Rho-kinase is reported to play an important role in vascular injury, the contribution of Rho-kinase to the progression of renal injury remains unestablished. Methods. We examined the effect of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, on the progression of renal injury in subtotally nephrectomized spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Rats were randomly assigned to three groups: sham-operated SHR: salt-loaded subtotally nephrectomized rats (SHR-subtotal nephrectomy); SHR-subtotal nephrectomy given fasudil for 6 weeks (SHR-subtotal nephrectomy + fasudil; 3 mg/kg/day). Renal morphologic and molecular analysis as well as urinary protein excretion was evaluated. Results. In SHR-subtotal nephrectomy treated with fasudil, systolic blood pressure was not significantly different from that in SHR-subtotal nephrectomy without fasudil (208 ± 8 mm Hg vs. 217 ± 14 mm Hg). Urinary protein excretion was markedly increased in SHR-subtotal nephrectomy (124 ± 16 mg/day), but this increase was significantly suppressed by fasudil (79 ± 12 mg/day). Renal histologic examination revealed that fasudil improved glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury scores with parallel amelioration of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive and ED-1-positive cell infiltration. Furthermore, Western blot analyses showed that both expression and activity of Rho-kinase were enhanced in SHR-subtotal nephrectomy, compared with those in SHR without nephrectomy, and fasudil suppressed Rho-kinase activity. Finally, fasudil up-regulated the expression of p27 kip1, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, and increased the p27 kip1 immunopositive cells in both glomeruli and tubulointerstitium with the use of immunohistochemistry. Conclusion. Rho-kinase pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of renal injury. Furthermore, the inhibition of Rho-kinase may constitute a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of renal injury in part through the p27kip1 up-regulation and the subsequent inhibition of cell proliferation and macrophage recruitment.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2009-2019
ページ数11
ジャーナルKidney international
64
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2003 12月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腎臓病学

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