Cryogenic treatment, like the freeze–thaw process, has been reported to be effective in modifying the physicochemical properties of polymeric hydrogels. However, not much attention has been paid to this process in terms of the precipitation of surfactant–water systems. In this study, two effective cryogenic methodologies were successfully reported to alter the physicochemical properties of a precipitate of an octyl β-D-galactoside (Oct-Gal)–water system. First, hyperrapid cooling (i.e., cooling at 30℃/min) was found to be an effective type of cryogenic treatment: the phase transition temperature (TK) and enthalpy at the phase transition (ΔHK) between the crystal-dispersed phase and the sol (micelle) phase significantly decreased. In addition, cryogenic treatment in the presence of electrolytes, such as NaCl, NaBr, and CsCl, was effective even in the absence of the hyperrapid cooling condition. The hyperrapid cooling or the addition of certain electrolytes was considered to prevent the precipitation of the Oct-Gal hemihydrate crystals prior to the complete freezing of ice and the electrolyte/ice eutectic. Hence, the size of the aggregated crystals prepared by the above-mentioned effective cryogenic treatments seemed to be decreased compared with that of the normal precipitated crystals, thereby changing TK and ΔHK. Thus, two basic methodologies for the modification of the physicochemical properties of the crystal-dispersed phase of surfactant–water systems are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)