Background: Rehabilitation for unilateral spatial neglect (USN) using prism adaptation (PA) is one of the most widely used methods, and the effectiveness of PA is well‐evidenced. Although the effect of PA generalized various neglect symptoms, the effectiveness for some aspects of neglect is not fully proven. The Catherine Bergego Scale (CBS) was developed to identify problems with the activities of daily living (ADL) caused by USN. The CBS is composed of 10 observation assessments and a self‐assessment questionnaire. To assess the self‐awareness of USN, the anosognosia score is calculated as the difference between the observational scores and the self‐assessment scores. To investigate how PA affects ADL and self‐awareness in subacute USN patients during rehabilitation, we analyzed each item of the CBS and self‐awareness from a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) that we previously conducted (Mizuno et al., 2011). Methods: A double‐masked randomized, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of a 2‐week PA therapy on USN in 8 hospitals in Japan. We compared each item of the CBS, anosognosia score, and absolute value of the anosognosia score between the prism group and the control group. Results: Two of ten items (gaze orientation and exploration of personal belongings) were significantly improved in the prism group compared with those in the control group. The absolute value of the anosognosia score was significantly improved by PA. Conclusions: Improvement of oculomotor exploration by PA may generalize the behavioral level in a daily living environment. This study suggested that PA could accelerate the self‐awareness of neglect during subacute rehabilitation.
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