Objective: The present study used data from the Japanese Committee for Stentgraft Management's national registry, which contains unique surgical data, including surgical timing, anatomic factors, and pathologic factors, to determine the generalized community experience with thoracic endovascular abdominal aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods: The medical background and short-term outcomes were reviewed for patients who had undergone TEVAR for a thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA; 14,235 cases) or aortic dissection (AD; 990 type A and 4259 type B) from 2008 to 2015. TEVAR for AD was separated from that for TAAs; only the background and short-term outcomes were evaluated. The technical outcomes of TEVAR for TAA were also evaluated. All the cases were categorized as follows: elective, urgent (within 24 hours after admission), or emergent (immediately after admission). The outcomes included in-hospital mortality and persistent stroke and paraplegia diagnosed at discharge. The number of debranching bypasses, proximal landing zone (0, 1, 2, ≥3), and zone length were included in the logistic regression analysis. Results: The mortality, stroke, and paraplegia rates in the TAA and AD groups were 4.4%, 4.6%, and 3.7% and 4.0%, 2.9%, and 2.8%, respectively. After analyzing the TAA cohort, we found that urgent and emergent cases were associated with all adverse outcomes. The rate of paraplegia increased drastically in the patients with stent graft coverage that extended for six or more zones. Massive atheroma was associated with stroke and paraplegia. The cumulative survival rate of the TAA group was stratified by the urgency (ie, elective, urgent, emergent; P < .001). We found that the more proximal (0, 1, and 2) the landing zone, the greater the risk of stroke. Likewise, the longer (six or more zones) the coverage, the greater the risk of paraplegia. Conclusions: Urgency was strongly associated with mortality, stroke, and paraplegia, and the classification of urgent and emergent, according to the surgical timing after admission, successfully stratified the population in the long-term overall survival analysis. A proximal landing zone involving the aortic arch and debranching bypasses were associated with the occurrence of stroke, and the length of stent graft coverage for six or more zones was associated with paraplegia. Identifying these risk factors will help operators of TEVAR develop appropriate operative strategies to mitigate patient risk.
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