Effective quantum kinetic theory for spin transport of fermions with collsional effects

Di Lun Yang, Koichi Hattori, Yoshimasa Hidaka

研究成果: Article査読

31 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We systematically derive the collision term for the axial kinetic theory, a quantum kinetic theory delineating the coupled dynamics of the vector/axial charges and spin transport carried by the massive spin-1/2 fermions traversing a medium. We employ the Wigner-function approach and propose a consistent power-counting scheme where the axial-charge distribution function, a non-conserved quantity for massive particles, is accounted as the first-order quantity in the ħ expansion, while the vector-charge distribution function the zeroth-order quantity. This specific power-counting scheme allows us to organize a reduced ħ expansion for the collision term and to formally identity the spin- diffusion effect and the spin-polarization effect at the same order. We confirm that the obtained collisional axial kinetic theory smoothly reduces to the chiral kinetic theory in the massless limit, serving as a consistency check. In the absence of electromagnetic fields, we further present the simplified axial kinetic equations suitable for tracking dynamical spin polarization of heavy and light fermions, respectively. As an application to the weakly coupled quark-gluon plasma at high temperature, we compute the spin-diffusion term for massive quarks within the leading-log approximation. The formal expression for the first- order terms provides a path toward evaluation of the spin polarization effect in quantum chromodynamics.

本文言語English
論文番号70
ジャーナルJournal of High Energy Physics
2020
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 7月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学

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