The authors investigated whether high-dose methotrexate-induced toxicity differed according to the presence of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) or reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) genetic polymorphism. The authors studied 15 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma who were treated using protocols that included high-dose methotrexate (3.0 g/m2), for an overall total of 43 courses. Methotrexate-induced toxicities and the plasma methotrexate concentrations were evaluated retrospectively. Hematologic toxicity was the most frequently observed toxicity, appearing in 87% of the patients. In a subset of patients (47%), elevation of liver transaminase levels showed a repeated tendency to develop. High plasma methotrexate concentrations at 48 hours after the methotrexate infusion were not significantly related to methotrexate-induced toxicities except for mucositis. A generalized estimating equation analysis revealed that vomiting during the high-dose methotrexate treatment was more pronounced in patients who had a larger number of G alleles at the RFC1 80G>A polymorphism. No significant differences in the development of other toxicities or in the plasma methotrexate concentrations were observed for the different MTHFR 677C>T or RFC1 80G>A polymorphisms. This study suggests but does not prove that the RFC1 80G>A polymorphism may contribute to interindividual variability in responses to high-dose methotrexate.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2006 2月 1|
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