Background and Aims: Although various procedures have been used to prevent serious adverse events after endoscopic resection of the duodenum, their effectiveness has not been determined. In this study, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether endoscopic preventive procedures reduce delayed adverse events. Methods: Studies on endoscopic treatment for superficial nonampullary duodenal tumors were selected. We compared the following 2 groups: the closure group, which underwent mucosal sutures and coverage of mucosal defects after resection, and the unclosed group, which did not. The primary outcome was the rate of delayed adverse events, including perforation and bleeding. The pooled risk ratios (RRs) of all outcomes investigated, the 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P values were calculated. Results: A total of 438 patients from 4 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled overall adverse event rates in the closure group and unclosed group were 3.6% and 21.1%, respectively. This rate was significantly lower in the closure group (RR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.10-0.38; P <. 01; I2 = 0%), and the rate of delayed bleeding was significantly lower in the closure group (RR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.06-0.33; P <. 01; I2 = 0%). Regarding delayed perforation, the RR in the closure group was 0.39 (95% CI, 0.12-1.32; P =. 13; I2 = 0%). Conclusions: Preventive procedures significantly reduced the risk of delayed adverse events by more than 80%. After endoscopic resection of the duodenum, the implementation of preventive procedures, including mucosal sutures and coverage of mucosal defects, to delay adverse events is strongly recommended.
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