Background and aim: Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR) has been reported as effective endoscopic treatment for superficial duodenal epithelial tumors (SDETs). However, it has been reported that a notable problem of UEMR for SDETs is that en bloc resection rate is relatively low. Therefore, we proposed a novel technique to improve en bloc resection rate: UEMR combining partial submucosal injection (PI-UEMR). The aim of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of PI-UEMR for SDETs by comparing to UEMR. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study in a single center. The patients who underwent UEMR or PI-UEMR from June 2010 to August 2020 were included in this study. Eligible patients were selected from included patients in a 1:1 ratio using propensity score matching. The clinical outcomes of endoscopic resection (procedure time, en bloc resection rate, complication rate [immediate perforation, delayed bleeding, delayed perforation]), and histopathological diagnosis (adenoma/cancer) were compared between each group. Results: Two hundred and twenty-eight patients were included in this study. Of included patients, 47 patients were selected in each group by propensity score matching. There were no statistical differences in procedure time (11 ± 1.2 min vs. 9 ± 1.2 min, P = 0.30), complication rate (immediate perforation [0% vs. 2%, P = 0.12], delayed bleeding [0% vs. 2%, P = 0.12], and no delayed perforation) and histopathological diagnosis (adenoma; 100% vs. 96%, P = 0.14) in each group. However, en bloc resection rate of PI-UEMR was significantly higher than UEMR (96% vs. 83%, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Partial submucosal injection UEMR might be superior procedure for en bloc resection in SDETs compare to UEMR.
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