Efficacy of spraying l-menthol solution during endoscopic treatment of early gastric cancer: A phase III, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Michio Kaminishi, Naoki Hiki, Ichiro Oda, Junko Fujisaki, Noriya Uedo, Mitsuru Kaise, Satoshi Tanabe, Mikitaka Iguchi, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Sachiyo Nomura, Hisao Tajiri, Naohisa Yahagi, Hiroaki Suzuki

研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: The topical antispasmodic agent l-menthol is useful for inhibiting gastric peristalsis during diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. However, it remains unclear whether l-menthol is similarly effective during therapeutic endoscopy, thereby improving treatment outcomes in a clinical setting. Methods: A total of 83 patients scheduled to undergo endoscopic treatment at 8 Japanese referral centers were randomly assigned to receive l-menthol or placebo. The degree of gastric peristalsis (peristaltic score: grade 1-5) was assessed by an independent committee. The primary outcome was the proportion of subjects in whom no or mild peristalsis (grade 1 or 2) was maintained throughout endoscopic treatment. Secondary outcomes were the duration of sustained response and the incidence of adverse drug reactions. Results: The proportion of patients with no or mild peristalsis was significantly higher in the l-menthol group (85.4 %, 95 % confidence intervals 70.8-94.4: 35/41 subjects) than in the placebo group (39.0 %, 24.2-55: 16/41; P < 0.001). The sustained response rates in the l-menthol and the placebo were, respectively, 90.0 and 39.6 % 30 min post-dose, and 79.9 and 35.7 % at the completion of the resection. The sustained response rates were significantly higher in the l-menthol group than in the placebo group (P < 0.001, log-rank test). The incidence of adverse drug reactions did not differ significantly between the two groups (P = 1.000). Conclusions: During gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection, spraying l-menthol on the gastric mucosa significantly suppressed peristalsis, with minimal adverse drug reactions as compared with placebo. l-menthol solution might be useful for therapeutic endoscopy.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)446-454
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of gastroenterology
49
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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