Objectives: This study sought to isolate arrhythmogenic Marshall bundles (MBs) by radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation. Background: The vein of Marshall (VOM) is surrounded by a muscular bundle called the MB. The MB is 1 of the arrhythmogenic sources of atrial fibrillation (AF) and electrically connects to either the left atrial (LA) myocardium or coronary sinus (CS) musculature. By eliminating such electric connections using RF catheter ablation, the MB might be electrically isolated. Methods: This retrospective study included 20 patients (64 ± 10 years old, 5 women) who underwent an MB isolation for nonparoxysmal AF. After pulmonary vein isolation, we performed venography of the VOM and inserted a 2-F electrode catheter into the VOM. RF applications were delivered to eliminate the MB electrograms from both the LA and CS when the MB was considered arrhythmogenic. Results: MB isolation was achieved in 14 patients (70%). Of them, complete or partial MB isolation was accomplished in 7 patients (35%) each. The average number of RF applications in the LA (35 W, 30 s) and CS (25 W, 30 s) was 15 ± 14 and 4 ± 3, respectively. No severe adverse events were observed. During a follow-up of 23 ± 11 months, 18 patients (90%) maintained sinus rhythm. Conclusions: RF applications targeting recordings from an electrode catheter in the VOM were feasible, and the MB could be electrically isolated. Elimination of the MB potentials would be a clear endpoint for patients with an arrhythmogenic MB.
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