We have developed carbon nanotube (CNT) vias consisting of about 1000 tubes using thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) at a growth temperature of 450°C with cobalt catalysts, titanium carbide ohmic contacts, and tantalum barrier layers on copper wiring. The lowest resistance obtained was about 5 Ω/via. The total resistance of the CNT via was three orders of magnitude lower than that of one CNT, indicating that the current flows in parallel through about 1000 tubes. No degradation was observed for 100 hours at via current densities of 2 × 106 A/cm2, which is favorably compared with Cu vias.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2005 4月|
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