Electrochemical reduction of nitrate on boron-doped diamond electrodes: Effects of surface termination and boron-doping level

Peijing Kuang, Keisuke Natsui, Chuanping Feng, Yasuaki Einaga

研究成果: Article査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This study is among the first to systematically study the electrochemical reduction of nitrate on boron-doped diamond (BDD) films with different surface terminations and boron-doping levels. The highest nitrate reduction efficiency was 48% and the highest selectivity in the production of nitrogen gas was 44.5%, which were achieved using a BDD electrode with a hydrogen-terminated surface and a B/C ratio of 1.0%. C–H bonds served as the anchor points for attracting NO3 anions close to the electrode surface, and thus accelerating the formation of NO3(ads). Compared to oxygen termination, hydrogen-terminated BDD exhibited higher electrochemical reactivity for reducing nitrate, resulting from the formation of shallow acceptor states and small interfacial band bending. The hydrophobicity of the hydrogen-terminated BDD inhibited water electrolysis and the subsequent adsorption of atomic hydrogen, leading to increased selectivity in the production of nitrogen gas. A BDD electrode with a boron-doping level of 1.0% increased the density of acceptor states, thereby enhancing the conductivity and promoting the formation of C–H bonds after the cathodic reduction pretreatment leading to the direct reduction of nitrate.

本文言語English
論文番号126364
ジャーナルChemosphere
251
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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