Objective: To contrast the short-term and long-term outcome of schizophrenia in Bali. Method: The clinical outcomes of 46 schizophrenic patients (DSM-IV-TR) consecutively admitted to Bangli Mental Hospital were evaluated by Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Eguma's Social Adjustment Scale (ESAS) at a 11-year follow-up, which was subsequent to a 5-year follow-up. Results: Neither the PANSS score nor the ESAS score were significantly different, and there was a significant correlation between the two follow-up data. Subjects categorized into either the best or worst outcome group at the 5-year follow-up tended to be classified into the same category at the 11-year follow-up more often than those who were categorized into the medium outcome groups at the 5-year follow-up. Conclusion: The 5-year outcome of schizophrenia strongly predicted the 11-year outcome, especially for subjects who had gone into either a remissive or severe deterioration state within 5 years.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health