Enantioselective Electrophilic Cyanation of Boron Enolates: Scope and Mechanistic Studies

Takaya Nagata, Atsuko Tamaki, Kensuke Kiyokawa, Ryosuke Tsutsumi, Masahiro Yamanaka, Satoshi Minakata

研究成果: Article査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Chiral β-ketonitriles bearing a stereogenic carbon center at the α-position are an important class of compounds, many of which serve as useful synthetic intermediates for the preparation of chiral 1,3-aminoalcohols, β-hydroxy nitriles, and related derivatives. Although the enantioselective electrophilic cyanation of enolate equivalents is one of the most promising approaches for the synthesis of chiral β-ketonitriles, the available methods are largely limited to reactions of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. Herein, we report on enantioselective electrophilic cyanation of boron enolates, which are readily prepared from α,β-unsaturated ketones and diisopinocampheylborane (Ipc2BH) to afford chiral β-ketonitriles with a high level of enantioselectivity. The present method is scalable and provides facile access to both enantiomers of chiral β-ketonitriles. Analysis of the in situ generated boron enolates by NMR revealed that hydroboration proceeds in a stereospecific manner, providing α,α-disubstituted boron enolates in the form of single isomers. Furthermore, the results of DFT calculations suggest that the cyanation of the boron enolates with p-toluenesulfonyl cyanide (TsCN) proceeds in a highly enantioselective manner through a unique six-membered ring transition state.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)17027-17032
ページ数6
ジャーナルChemistry - A European Journal
24
64
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 11月 16
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 有機化学

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