Energy saving in a multi-context coarse grained reconfigurable array with non-volatile flip-flops

Aika Kamei, Takuya Kojima, Hideharu Amano, Daiki Yokoyama, Hisato Miyauchi, Kimiyoshi Usami, Keizo Hiraga, Kenta Suzuki, Kazuhiro Bessho

研究成果: Conference contribution

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this study, a second-generation coarse-grained reconfigurable array with non-volatile flip-flops (NVFFs), known as the non-volatile cool mega array with multi-context (NVCMA/MC), is proposed. Similar to the previous NVCMA, verify-and-retriable NVFFs (VR-NVFFs) are provided for their configuration memory, constant memory, data memory, and instruction memory. The dedicated instructions for controlling the store, verify, and restore operations of the NVFFs are provided to the microcontroller in addition to power gating functions. Based on experience of the NVCMA, four hardware contexts are introduced to maintain the configuration data for four tasks, without the sacrifice of memory leakage. The array size is expanded, and pipeline registers are introduced to reduce the trade-off between the performance and power consumption. This study mainly focuses on the energy-saving effect of the VR-NVFFs and the multi-context facility of the NVCMA/MC, including the measurement of the break-even point. The evaluation of a real chip implemented with 40 nm MTJ/MOS hybrid process technology demonstrates that the store energy is reduced by 65% with the two-step store control of the VR-NVFFs. Moreover, applications that run intermittently for intervals as short as approximately 3 μs can benefit from the multi-context power gating.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルProceedings - 2021 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021
出版社Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ページ273-280
ページ数8
ISBN(電子版)9781665438605
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021
イベント14th IEEE International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021 - Singapore, Singapore
継続期間: 2021 12月 202021 12月 23

出版物シリーズ

名前Proceedings - 2021 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021

Conference

Conference14th IEEE International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021
国/地域Singapore
CitySingapore
Period21/12/2021/12/23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 人工知能
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • ハードウェアとアーキテクチャ
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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