In the aftermath of any large-scale disaster, the recovery process is often challenged by the urgency to rehabilitate the displaced communities and restore normalcy at the earliest, wherein the post-disaster ‘Temporary Housing’ (TH) programs have historically played an important role. Yet, numerous studies have highlighted the issues of cultural adequacy in TH, which remain to be a rather underexplored area of research. To bridge this gap, this study methodically reviews the existing literature on TH programs after three prominent disaster events in Asia namely, Sichuan earthquake 2008 (China), Merapi eruption 2010 (Indonesia) and Tohoku earthquake and tsunami 2011 (Japan). Referring to the key principles of cultural adequacy (housing policy, public spaces, cultural background, and co-design) underlined by the Geneva UN Charter on Sustainable Housing, the authors derive cross-case lessons from the selected disaster events and suggest feasible strategies to enhance the cultural adequacy in TH programs. Although the implementation of any TH program depends on the disaster scale and damages, the study underlines the need for establishing clear policy directions. While the uncertainty associated with post-disaster period often side-lines the socio-cultural peculiarities, having a pre-disaster strategic plan can potentially allow the expression of cultural identity, and local values in TH.
ASJC Scopus subject areas