Enhancing local responses through disaster resilience in schools and communities in Japan

Rajib Shaw, Shohei Matsuura

研究成果: Chapter

抜粋

Schools play an important role in Japan by becoming evacuation centers after disasters. Depending on the nature of disaster, the school can be occupied for several days to several months. Therefore, schools play a crucial role in disaster risk reduction and can contribute to very strong bonding with the local communities. This chapter describes the experiences of six cities with the roles of schools during disasters. Kamaishi, Kesennuma, and Natori, three cities affected by the tsunami, have shown the important role that schools played in the time of disaster. Although some schools were destroyed in these three cities, people spent significant time in other schools as evacuees. Pre-disaster preparedness of schools and communities helped a lot in this regard. Taking the experiences from the East Japan disaster, Saijo, Owase, and Oobu cities in West Japan demonstrated their preparedness for future disaster. The chapter also shows that school-centered disaster preparedness before the disaster leads to an effective role during the disaster and also facilitates postdisaster recovery with schools as the center.

元の言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルRisks and Conflicts
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルLocal Responses to Natural Disasters
出版者Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
ページ207-230
ページ数24
14
ISBN(印刷物)9781781908204
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2013
外部発表Yes

出版物シリーズ

名前Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management
14
ISSN(印刷物)2040-7262
ISSN(電子版)2040-7270

    フィンガープリント

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

これを引用

Shaw, R., & Matsuura, S. (2013). Enhancing local responses through disaster resilience in schools and communities in Japan. : Risks and Conflicts: Local Responses to Natural Disasters (巻 14, pp. 207-230). (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management; 巻数 14). Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-7262(2013)0000014015