Epinephrine augments von Willebrand factor-dependent shear-induced platelet aggregation

S. Goto, Y. Ikeda, M. Murata, Makoto Handa, E. Takahashi, A. Yoshioka, Y. Fujimura, M. Fukuyama, S. Handa, S. Ogawa

研究成果: Article査読

72 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background. Shear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA) is an important mechanism in thrombogenesis. von Willebrand factor (vWF) binding to platelet glycoprotein Ib (GP Ib) has been found to be crucial for platelet aggregation under the high shear force probably generated in stenosed coronary artery. The physiological significance of vWF-dependent SIPA has not been clarified. Methods and Results. Blood samples were collected from 23 normal volunteers. SIPA was continuously monitored using a modified cone-plate viscometer adapted for measuring the transmitted light intensity of the material. The effects of low concentrations of epinephrine, ADP, and collagen on SIPA under both low shear (12 dyne/cm2) and high shear (108 dyne/cm2) force were investigated. All agonists tested enhanced SIPA under low shear force, whereas only epinephrine augmented SIPA under high shear force. The maximum extents of SIPA under high shear force in the absence and presence of epinephrine (10 ng/ml) were 37.9±11.5% and 59.7±13.9%, respectively. The antagonist of the α2-adrenergic receptor yohimbine (1 μg/ml) antagonized the effects of epinephrine. The monoclonal antibody NMC-4 against vWF, which was shown to inhibit its binding to GP Ib, completely abolished SIPA under high shear force, even in the presence of epinephrine. However, this antibody only partially inhibited SIPA under low shear force. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that epinephrine is the agonist that enhances SIPA mediated by vWF through its specific receptor. This may be clinically important because occlusion of the coronary artery often occurs in stenosed atherosclerotic vessels under sympathetic stimulation.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1859-1863
ページ数5
ジャーナルCirculation
86
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 循環器および心血管医学
  • 生理学(医学)

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