Errorless and effortful processes involved in the learning of face-name associations by patients with alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome

Shin Ichi Komatsu, Masaru Mimura, Motoichiro Kato, Naoki Wakamatsu, Haruo Kashima

研究成果: Article査読

67 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In Experiment 1, Korsakoff patients were asked to learn fictitious face-name associations under each of four study conditions that differed from one another in the error and effort required to fulfil the task demands. Recall performance gradually improved over four training sessions and was affected by the error factor. The paired associate and the vanishing cues methods led to superior recall in comparison with the target selection and the initial letter methods, demonstrating an advantage of errorless learning. In contrast, the effort factor was found to have little effect. In Experiment 2, the effectiveness of the vanishing cues method was further examined over five additional training sessions. As indexed by a delayed test, the gradual acquisition of face-name associations was confirmed, but some patients consistently made no correct recall throughout the sessions. The roles of error and effort in the memory rehabilitation of amnesic patients are discussed.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)113-132
ページ数20
ジャーナルNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
10
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2000 3月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経心理学および生理心理学
  • リハビリテーション
  • 人文科学(その他)
  • 応用心理学

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