Objective: To establish a new method for preoperative bowel preparation that facilitates nursing care and minimizes the patient's discomfort during the clinical pathway of laparoscopic surgery. Method: A randomized controlled trial was conducted for the following two preparation methods. Twenty cases were assessed with Method 1 and 18 cases with Method 2. Method 1 (the conventional procedure): oral magnesium citrate is given in the afternoon of the day before surgery, followed by a glycerin enema in the night of the day before surgery and in the morning of the day of surgery. Method 2 (a new procedure): oral magnesium citrate is given in the afternoon of the day before surgery, followed by oral picosulfate in the night before the day of surgery and a bisacodyl suppository in the morning of the day of surgery. To evaluate the two methods we sent questionnaires to the surgeons (blinded to the method used), nurses, and patients. Results: No statistical difference existed between the two methods in their effectiveness as a preoperative treatment. Facilitation of nursing care was significantly better in Method 2, and patients had considerably reduced discomfort with Method 2. Discussion: Patients who received oral picosulfate and a bisacodyl suppository experienced much less discomfort and nursing care was easier when compared with the conventional method of administering a glycerin enema. Since an enema is disliked by young women and an effect comes out with discomfort very shortly after the administration, the degree of discomfort of patients would have become high. Picosulfate is an oral medicine and thereby the effect comes out mildly. That would be the reason why the degree of discomfort of patients was low. In the nursing care, an enema requires time for preparation and administration, while picosulfate is easy to administer, making the nursing care easier. Therefore, Method 2 was chosen as a preoperative bowel treatment for the clinical pathway. Thus, we could establish a new evidence-based method useful for the preoperative bowel preparation in the clinical pathway of laparoscopic surgery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science