Objectives: The postoperative left ventricular end-systolic volume index and ejection fraction are benchmarks of surgical ventricular reconstruction but remain unpredictable. This study aimed to identify who could be associated with a higher long-term survival by adding surgical ventricular reconstruction to coronary artery bypass grafting than coronary artery bypass grafting alone (responders to surgical ventricular reconstruction). Methods: The subjects were 293 patients (median age, 63 years; 255 men) who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting for ischemic heart disease with left ventricular dysfunction in 16 cardiovascular centers in Japan. The relationships among surgical ventricular reconstruction, postoperative end-systolic volume index, ejection fraction, and survival were analyzed to identify responders to surgical ventricular reconstruction. Results: Surgical ventricular reconstruction was performed in 165 patients (56%). The end-systolic volume index and ejection fraction significantly improved (end-systolic volume index, 91 to 64 mL/m2; ejection fraction, 28% to 35%) for all patients. The postoperative end-systolic volume index and ejection fraction were estimated, and surgical ventricular reconstruction was found to be significantly associated with both end-systolic volume index (14.5 mL/m2 reduction, P <.001) and ejection fraction (3.1% increase, P =.003). During the median follow-up of 6.8 years, 69 patients (24%) died. Only the postoperative ejection fraction was significantly associated with survival (hazard ratio, 0.925; 95% confidence interval, 0.885-0.968), although this effect was limited to those with postoperative end-systolic volume index of 40 to 80 mL/m2 in the subgroup analysis (hazard ratio, 0.932; 95% confidence interval, 0.894-0.973). Conclusions: Adding surgical ventricular reconstruction to coronary artery bypass grafting could reduce the mortality risk by increasing ejection fraction for those with a postoperative end-systolic volume index within a specific range. The postoperative end-systolic volume index could demarcate responders to surgical ventricular reconstruction, and its estimation can help in surgical decision making.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine