This paper compares engineering estimation schemes of C* and creep crack opening displacement (COD) for cylinders with circumferential and axial through-thickness cracks at elevated temperatures with detailed 3D elastic-creep finite element results. Engineering estimation schemes include the GE/EPRI method; the reference stress (RS) method where the reference stress is defined based on the plastic limit load; and the enhanced reference stress (ERS) method where the reference stress is defined based on the optimised reference load, recently proposed by the authors. Systematic investigations are made not only on the effect of creep-deformation behaviour on C* and creep COD, but also on effects of the crack location, the cylinder geometry, the crack length and the loading mode. Comparison of the finite element (FE) results with engineering estimations provides that for idealised power law creep, estimated C* and COD rate results from the GE/EPRI method agree best with FE results, suggesting that published plastic influence functions for plastic J and COD for through-thickness cracked cylinders are reliable. For general creep-deformation laws where either primary or tertiary creep is important and thus the GE/EPRI method is hard to apply, on the other hand, the ERS method provides more accurate and robust estimations for C* and COD rate than the reference stress method. As these two methods differ only in the definition of the reference stress, the ERS method maintains benefits of the reference stress method in terms of simplicity, but improves accuracy of the estimated J, C* and COD results.
|ジャーナル||Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2003 3 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering