Exact results for first-passage-time statistics in biased quenched trap models

Takuma Akimoto, Keiji Saito

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We provide exact results for the mean and variance of first-passage times (FPTs) of making a directed revolution in the presence of a bias in heterogeneous quenched environments where the disorder is expressed by random traps on a ring with period L. FPT statistics are crucially affected by the disorder realization. In the large-L limit, we obtain exact formulas for the FPT statistics, which are described by the sample mean and variance for waiting times of periodically arranged traps. Furthermore, we find that these formulas are still useful for nonperiodic heterogeneous environments; i.e., the results are valid for almost all disorder realizations. Our findings are fundamentally important for the application of FPT to estimate diffusivity of a heterogeneous environment under a bias.

本文言語English
論文番号052127
ジャーナルPhysical Review E
99
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 5 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 統計物理学および非線形物理学
  • 統計学および確率
  • 凝縮系物理学

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