The expression of c-kit receptor (c-kit R; CD117) and CD34 was examined in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blastic transformation (BT), and myelofibrosis (MF) in myeloid BT. In myeloid leukemia including AML, CML-myeloid BT and MF-myeloid BT, both c-kit R and CD34 were expressed synchronously, while in lymphoid leukemia including ALL and CML-lymphoid BT, only CD34 was highly expressed. A close correlation between c-kit R and CD33 expression and an inverse correlation between c-kit R and CD 19 expression were observed when all of the myeloid plus lymphoid leukemia cells were analysed. There was a close correlation between c-kit R and CD34 expression in the myeloid leukemia cells, c-kit R expression may be associated with myeloid phenotypes of leukemic cells and may be useful for the diagnosis of myeloid leukemia. The literature of c-kit R expression in leukemic cells is reviewed here and the comparison of c-kit R and CD34 expression in normal hematopoietic progenitor cells with those on the leukemic counterparts was discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research