Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis in patellar tendon grafts in the early phase after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

T. Yoshikawa, H. Tohyama, H. Enomoto, H. Matsumoto, Y. Toyama, K. Yasuda

研究成果: Article査読

45 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The aim of this study was to clarify vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and angiogenesis in the patellar tendon (PT) autograft in the early phase after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using a rabbit model. The right knees of 30 Japanese white rabbits underwent ACL reconstruction using the medial third of the PT complex. We evaluated the grafted tendon at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8 weeks after ACL reconstruction by immunohistology for proliferating cell nuclear antigen, VEGF, and CD31, which is a marker for vascular endothelial cells. At week 1 , few cells were observed at the midsubstance of the grafted tendon. A number of proliferating cells were observed at the surface area of the PT graft 2 weeks after graft transplantation, while no vessel formation was observed in the graft at the same time. VEGF was highly expressed 2-3 weeks postoperatively. Vessel formation in the PT graft increased with time from 3 to 8 weeks after ACL reconstruction. The rates of proliferating cells and VEGF-expressing cells decreased with time from 3 to 8 weeks. This study has suggested that VEGF is involved in the graft remodeling process particularly at the early phase after ACL reconstruction.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)804-810
ページ数7
ジャーナルKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
14
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 9月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 外科
  • 整形外科およびスポーツ医学

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