Although Runt-related transcription factors RUNXs (RUNX1-3) have a high similarity in their structure, only RUNX3 is known to be involved in gastric carcinogenesis. First, we examined mRNA expression of these three RUNX genes in the gastric mucosa, and, finding only RUNX2 was not expressed there, we further investigated RUNX1 and RUNX3 expression in three regions including the pit, isthmus/neck, and gland regions of the human normal stomach and whether RUNX1 is involved in gastric carcinogenesis. The mRNA expression of RUNX1 and RUNX3 was examined by use of the three regions isolated by laser-captured microdissection (LCM) and by use of primary gastric cancer tissues. Furthermore, RUNX1 mutational analysis was performed in the cancer cells, which also were isolated from 44 paraffin-embedded gastric cancer tissues by LCM. RUNX1 was coexpressed with RUNX3 in the pit region, and has cell growth-inhibition activity similar to RUNX3. RUNX3 has been reported to be suppressed by DNA methylation in a subset of gastric cancers; however, the expression of RUNX1 mRNA was observed in all of the gastric cancer cell lines and gastric cancer tissues that we examined. No RUNX1 mutation was found in the 44 gastric cancer patients. Although RUNX1 is similar to RUNX3 in both the expression pattern in the stomach and its cell growth-inhibition activity, RUNX1 is not involved in most cases of gastric cancers. These results suggest that the transcriptional target genes are different between these two family genes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research