Extremotolerant tardigrade genome and improved radiotolerance of human cultured cells by tardigrade-unique protein

Takuma Hashimoto, Daiki D. Horikawa, Yuki Saito, Hirokazu Kuwahara, Hiroko Kozuka-Hata, Tadasu Shin-I, Yohei Minakuchi, Kazuko Ohishi, Ayuko Motoyama, Tomoyuki Aizu, Atsushi Enomoto, Koyuki Kondo, Sae Tanaka, Yuichiro Hara, Shigeyuki Koshikawa, Hiroshi Sagara, Toru Miura, Shin Ichi Yokobori, Kiyoshi Miyagawa, Yutaka SuzukiTakeo Kubo, Masaaki Oyama, Yuji Kohara, Asao Fujiyama, Kazuharu Arakawa, Toshiaki Katayama, Atsushi Toyoda, Takekazu Kunieda

研究成果: Article査読

123 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Tardigrades, also known as water bears, are small aquatic animals. Some tardigrade species tolerate almost complete dehydration and exhibit extraordinary tolerance to various physical extremes in the dehydrated state. Here we determine a high-quality genome sequence of Ramazzottius varieornatus, one of the most stress-tolerant tardigrade species. Precise gene repertoire analyses reveal the presence of a small proportion (1.2% or less) of putative foreign genes, loss of gene pathways that promote stress damage, expansion of gene families related to ameliorating damage, and evolution and high expression of novel tardigrade-unique proteins. Minor changes in the gene expression profiles during dehydration and rehydration suggest constitutive expression of tolerance-related genes. Using human cultured cells, we demonstrate that a tardigrade-unique DNA-associating protein suppresses X-ray-induced DNA damage by ∼40% and improves radiotolerance. These findings indicate the relevance of tardigrade-unique proteins to tolerability and tardigrades could be a bountiful source of new protection genes and mechanisms.

本文言語English
論文番号12808
ジャーナルNature communications
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 9 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

フィンガープリント

「Extremotolerant tardigrade genome and improved radiotolerance of human cultured cells by tardigrade-unique protein」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル