Rare-earth chelate-doped graded index (GI) polymer optical fibers (POF) are proposed and fabricated. The attenuation loss was measured to be 0.4 dB/m at 650 nm for a GI POF doped with 1 wt % of europium (Eu) chelate. Lifetime shortening and spectral narrowing verified the occurrence of superfluorescence at 614 nm in the Eu chelate-doped GI POF pumped with xenon flashlamps. The demonstration of superfluorescence shows that rare-earth chelate-doped GI POFs are appealing as optical amplifiers and superfluorescent sources in a variety of communication and sensor applications.
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