Background: The standard chemotherapeutic regimen for stage IVB, persistent, or recurrent uterine cervical cancer is platinum-based combination chemotherapy such as cisplatin (CDDP)/paclitaxel and CDDP/nogitecan hydrochloride (NGT, topotecan). Because it is unclear whether the CDDP/NGT combination chemotherapy is tolerable for Japanese patients, we conducted the present study to assess the feasibility of CDDP/NGT combination chemotherapy. Methods: Between June 2012 and April 2014, 15 patients with stage IVB, persistent, or recurrent uterine cervical cancer were enrolled in this study. Patients underwent six cycles of NGT at a dose of 0.75 mg/m2, followed immediately by CDDP at a dose of 50 mg/m2 on day 1 by intravenous infusion, and then NGT at a dose of 0.75 mg/m2 on days 2 and 3. Results: Of 15 patients, 9 patients underwent at least 6 cycles of NGT/CDDP combination chemotherapy. Of a total of 83 cycles, 70 cycles (84.3 %) of NGT/CDDP combination chemotherapy could be continued at the starting dose of NGT (0.75 mg/m2). Grade 3/4 hematological toxicities included leukopenia in 10 patients (66.7 %), neutropenia in 15 (100 %), anemia in 6 (40.0 %), thrombocytopenia in 4 (26.7 %), and febrile neutropenia in 4 (26.7 %). The response rate according to RECIST was 27 % (3/11), with partial response in 3 patients. Conclusions: NGT/CDDP combination chemotherapy may be a tolerable and effective regimen for Japanese patients with stage IVB, persistent, or recurrent uterine cervical cancer. Based on the results of this study, NGT/CDDP combination chemotherapy was approved in Japan in November 2015.
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