Fibroblastic reticular cell-derived lysophosphatidic acid regulates confined intranodal T-cell motility

Akira Takeda, Daichi Kobayashi, Keita Aoi, Naoko Sasaki, Yuki Sugiura, Hidemitsu Igarashi, Kazuo Tohya, Asuka Inoue, Erina Hata, Noriyuki Akahoshi, Haruko Hayasaka, Junichi Kikuta, Elke Scandella, Burkhard Ludewig, Satoshi Ishii, Junken Aoki, Makoto Suematsu, Masaru Ishii, Kiyoshi Takeda, Sirpa JalkanenMasayuki Miyasaka, Eiji Umemoto

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Lymph nodes (LNs) are highly confined environments with a cell-dense three- dimensional meshwork, in which lymphocyte migration is regulated by intracellular contractile proteins. However, the molecular cues directing intranodal cell migration remain poorly characterized. Here we demonstrate that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) produced by LN fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs) acts locally to LPA2 to induce T-cell motility. In vivo, either specific ablation of LPA-producing ectoenzyme autotaxin in FRCs or LPA2 deficiency in T cells markedly decreased intranodal T cell motility, and FRC-derived LPA critically affected the LPA2-dependent T-cell motility. In vitro, LPA activated the small GTPase RhoA in T cells and limited T-cell adhesion to the underlying substrate via LPA2. The LPA-LPA2 axis also enhanced T-cell migration through narrow pores in a three-dimensional environment, in a ROCK-myosin II-dependent manner. These results strongly suggest that FRC-derived LPA serves as a cell-extrinsic factor that optimizes T-cell movement through the densely packed LN reticular network.

本文言語English
論文番号e10561
ジャーナルeLife
5
FEBRUARY2016
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 2月 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経科学(全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)

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