Low energy availability in female athletes often causes hypothalamic amenorrhea and osteoporosis, in turn promoting stress fractures. Mechanisms underlying these conditions remain unclear. Here we show that model mice subjected to food restriction (FR) or FR-plus-voluntary running exercise exhibit significantly reduced bone mineral density, cortical bone parameters and uterine weight than do control mice, and that these parameters worsen in the FR-plus-exercise group. Relative to controls, FR and FR-plus-exercise groups showed significantly lower mineral apposition rate and osteoclast number and significantly reduced serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) levels. Outcomes were rescued by ED71 or 1.25(OH)2D3 treatment. Thus, we conclude that administration of active vitamin D analogues represents a possible treatment to prevent these conditions.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2021 1 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology