We studied the topographical effect of roughness displayed by a closely packed particle monolayer on formation of a cell monolayer (cell sheet). Particle monolayers were prepared by Langmuir-Blodgett deposition using particles, which were 527 nm (SA053) and 1270 nm (SA127) in diameter. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were seeded at a high density (2.0 × 105 cells/cm2) onto particle monolayers. It was found that cells gradually became into contact with adjacent cells on the SA053 monolayer and the formed cell sheet could be readily detached from the particle monolayer by gentle pipetting. On the other hand, cells adhering onto the tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) and the SA127 particle monolayer were difficult to peel off. At a low cell seeding density (5.0 × 104 cells/cm2), pre-coating with bovine plasma fibronectin (FN) allowed cell growth on an SA053 particle monolayer, and a confluent monolayer was able to be peeled as a cell sheet from the particle monolayer just by pipetting. By immunostaining of human fibronectin, we found that fibronectin was secreted and concentrated onto the substrate side of a cell sheet. The obtained cell sheet adhered and grew on the TCPS again within 20 min.
ASJC Scopus subject areas