Frequent activating GNAS mutations in villous adenoma of the colorectum

Masayoshi Yamada, Shigeki Sekine, Reiko Ogawa, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Ryoji Kushima, Hitoshi Tsuda, Yae Kanai

研究成果: Article査読

59 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

To elucidate the role of GNAS mutations in colorectal tumourigenesis, we performed a mutation analysis in a total of 234 colorectal tumours, including adenomas, serrated lesions and adenocarcinomas. Activating GNAS mutations were found in 20 of the 24 villous adenomas (83%) but were absent in all the other tumours, except for one tubulovillous adenoma (3%) and two adenocarcinomas (3%). KRAS and BRAF mutations were always mutually exclusive. KRAS mutations were frequent in villous (67%) and tubulovillous (60%) adenomas but were rare or absent in tubular adenomas (6%) and serrated lesions, including hyperplastic polyps, sessile serrated polyps/sessile serrated lesions and traditional serrated adenomas (0-9%). BRAF mutations were found in four villous adenomas (17%) and in the large majority of serrated lesions (81-92%), but were absent in tubular and tubulovillous adenomas. Seventeen villous adenomas (71%) harboured GNAS mutations concomitantly with KRAS or BRAF mutations. Immunohistochemically, all the villous adenomas retained mismatch repair protein expression, suggesting that they are microsatellite-stable. The current study showed that the presence of activating GNAS mutations, in association with KRAS or BRAF mutations, is a characteristic genetic feature of colorectal villous adenoma.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)113-118
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Pathology
228
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 9
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 病理学および法医学

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