Gene structure and functional characterization of growth hormone in Dogfish, squalus acanthias

Shunsuke Moriyama, Mayumi Oda, Tomohide Yamazaki, Kiyoko Yamaguchi, Noriko Amiya, Akiyoshi Takahashi, Masafumi Amano, Tomoaki Goto, Masumi Nozaki, Hiroshi Meguro, Hiroshi Kawauchi

研究成果: Article査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)


Dogfish (Squalus acanthias) growth hormone (GH) was identified by cDNA cloning and protein purification from the pituitary gland. Dogfish GH cDNA encoded a prehormone of 210 amino acids (aa). Sequence analysis of purified GH revealed that the prehormone is composed of a signal peptide of 27 aa and a mature protein of 183 aa. Dogfish GH showed 94% sequence identity with blue shark GH, and also showed 37-66%, 26%, and 48-67% sequence identity with GH from osteichtyes, an agnathan, and tetrapods. The site of production was identified through immunocytochemistry to be cells of the proximal pars distalis of the pituitary gland. Dogfish GH stimulates both insulin-like growth factor-l and II mRNA levels in dogfish liver in vitro. The dogfish GH gene consisted of five exons and four introns, the same as in lamprey, teleosts such as cypriniforms and siluriforms, and tetrapods. The 5'-flanking region within 1082 bp of the transcription start site contained consensus sequences for the TATA box, Pit-1/GHF-1, CRE, TRE, and ERE. These results show that the endocrine mechanism for growth stimulation by the GH-IGF axis was established at an early stage of vertebrate evolution, and that the 5-exon-type gene organization might reflect the structure of the ancestral gene for the GH gene family.

ジャーナルZoological Science
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 6月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 動物科学および動物学


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