Genetic alterations in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma

Yasunori Kogure, Keisuke Kataoka

研究成果: Review article査読

37 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is a peripheral T-cell neoplasm with a dismal prognosis. It is caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) retrovirus. A long latency period from HTLV-1 infection to ATL onset suggests that not only HTLV-1 proteins, such as Tax and HBZ, but also additional genetic and/or epigenetic events are required for ATL development. Although many studies have demonstrated the biological functions of viral genes, alterations of cellular genes associated with ATL have not been fully investigated. Recently, a large-scale integrated genetic analysis revealed the entire landscape of somatic aberrations in ATL. This neoplasm is characterized by frequent gain-of-function alterations in components of the T-cell receptor/NF-κB signaling pathway, including activating mutations in the PLCG1, PRKCB, CARD11 and VAV1 genes, and CTLA4-CD28 and ICOS-CD28 fusions. Importantly, molecules associated with immune surveillance, such as HLA-A/B, CD58 and FAS, are affected recurrently. Among them, one notable lesion occurs as frequent structural variations that truncate the PD-L1 3′-untranslated region, leading to its overexpression. Other genetic targets include transcription factors (IRF4, IKZF2, and GATA3) and chemokine receptors (CCR4, CCR7 and GPR183), which are functionally relevant in normal T cells. A substantial proportion of ATL cases show widespread accumulation of repressive epigenetic changes, such as trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27 and DNA hypermethylation of CpG islands, which coordinately modulate multiple pathways, including Cys2-His2 zinc finger genes involved in silencing retroelements. Here we review the current understanding of the genetic/epigenetic aberrations in ATL, focusing on their relevance in its molecular pathogenesis.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1719-1725
ページ数7
ジャーナルCancer science
108
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 9
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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