Ghrelin and oxidative stress in gastrointestinal tract

Hidekazu Suzuki, Juntaro Matsuzaki, Toshifumi Hibi

研究成果: Review article査読

54 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Oxidative stress is a major cause of the gastrointestinal damage under physical or psychological stress. Ghrelin exhibits gastroprotective effects and they are supposed to be derived from antioxidant effects. In gastroduodenal mucosal injury, the plasma ghrelin levels increase in response to the demand for gastroduodenal cytoprotection. However, in the condition of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric mucosal severe atrophy, the plasma ghrelin concentration shifted to lower levels. In diabetic gastroparesis, the regulation of ghrelin secretion is impaired with vagal nerve dysfunction. Selective ghrelin agonist is expected to represent a new class of prokinetic agent. In addition, the plasma ghrelin levels are also enhanced by systemic oxidative stress, and ghrelin exhibits antioxidant effects in many organs, such as heart, pancreas, and lung. This suggests that ghrelin would be an important player as a sensor of systemic oxidative stress.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)122-125
ページ数4
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
48
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(その他)
  • 栄養および糖尿病
  • 臨床生化学

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