We study the ground-state phase diagram of two-dimensional two-component (or pseudospin-12) Bose gases in mutually antiparallel synthetic magnetic fields in the space of the total filling factor and the ratio of the intercomponent coupling g↑↓ to the intracomponent coupling g>0. This time-reversal-invariant setting represents a bosonic analog of spin Hall systems. Using exact diagonalization, we find that (fractional) quantum spin Hall states composed of a pair of nearly independent quantum Hall states are remarkably robust and persist for g↑↓ up to as large as g. For g↑↓=-g, we find the exact many-body ground state in which particles in different spin states form pairs. This gives the exact critical line beyond which the system collapses in the thermodynamic limit.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2014 9月 2|
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