Glycoprotein130 (gp130) and Notch signaling are thought to participate in neural stem cell (NSC) self-renewal. We asked whether gp130 regulates Notch activity in forebrain epidermal growth factor (EGF)-responsive NSCs. Disruption of Notch1 using antisense or a γ-secretase inhibitor demonstrated a requirement for Notch1 in the maintenance and proliferation of NSCs. Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) activation of gp130 in NSCs rapidly increased Notch1 expression. NOTCH1 activation, indicated by tumor necrosis factor α-converting enzyme (TACE)- and presenilin-mediated processing, also increased. Infusion of EGF + CNTF into adult forebrain lateral ventricles increased periventricular NOTCH 1 compared with EGF alone. Neither Hes1 (hairy and enhancer of split) nor Hes5 appeared to mediate gp130-enhanced NOTCH1 signaling that regulates NSC maintenance. This is the first example of a link between gp130 signaling and NOTCH1 in regulating NSC self-renewal.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Neuroscience|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 3月 1|
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