Ground-state thermodynamic quantities of homogeneous spin-1/2 fermions from the BCS region to the unitarity limit

Munekazu Horikoshi, Masato Koashi, Hiroyuki Tajima, Yoji Ohashi, Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The understanding of physical properties of fermions in the unitary regime, where the s-wave scattering length in the collisional channel of particles is longer than both the interparticle distance and the size of the interaction potential, is a crucial issue for electron systems of high-temperature superconductivity, dilute nucleons in nuclei, and neutron stars. We experimentally determine various thermodynamic quantities of interacting two-component fermions at the zero-temperature limit from the BCS region to the unitarity limit. The obtained results are very accurate in the sense that the systematic error is within 4% in the unitary regime. Using this advantage, we can compare our data with various many-body theories. We find that an extended T-matrix approximation, which is a strong-coupling theory involving fluctuations in the Cooper channel, well reproduces our experimental results. We also find that the superfluid order parameter Δ calculated by solving the ordinary BCS gap equation with the chemical potential of interacting fermions is close to the binding energy of the paired fermions directly observed in a spectroscopic experiment and that obtained using a quantum Monte Carlo method.

本文言語English
論文番号041004
ジャーナルPhysical Review X
7
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 10 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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