Growth of psychiatric beds in Japan

Naoki Ikegami

研究成果: Article

12 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Japan has experienced a dramatic increase in psychiatric beds from a level of 32.4 per 100,000 population in 1953 to 254.1 in 1977. The number of inpatients has always paralleled this increase as the bed occupancy rate has remained above 100% during these years. The age specific resident patient rates of psychiatric patients were initially higher for the younger age groups but have gradually shifted to the middle age groups. Geriatric psychiatric patients over 65 years of age have had low rates and constitute only about 8.5% of the total at present. The increase in psychiatric beds has resulted in large part from the establishment of private hospitals each having about 200 beds. While the number of personnel per bed in psychiatric hospitals has slightly increased, the basic composition has remained the same for 20 years. The proportion of medical care cost devoted to psychiatric care has been estimated to have grown from 5.8% of the total in 1963 to 7.2% in 1976. However, the burden of inpatient psychiatric care has been obscured by the general increase in medical care costs. A further increase in psychiatric beds would become necessary if the psychiatric sector is to play a major role in geriatric care.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)561-570
ページ数10
ジャーナルSocial Science and Medicine. Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology
14
発行部数6
出版物ステータスPublished - 1980 12

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psychological care
geriatrics
medical care
Psychiatry
age group
Japan
psychiatric hospital
Growth
costs
personnel
resident
present
Health Care Costs
Inpatients
cost
Age Groups
Bed Occupancy
Geriatric Psychiatry
Private Hospitals
Psychiatric Hospitals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Health(social science)

これを引用

Growth of psychiatric beds in Japan. / Ikegami, Naoki.

:: Social Science and Medicine. Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, 巻 14, 番号 6, 12.1980, p. 561-570.

研究成果: Article

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