Gut commensal Bacteroides acidifaciens prevents obesity and improves insulin sensitivity in mice

J. Y. Yang, Y. S. Lee, Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, S. Ryu, S. Fukuda, K. Hase, C. S. Yang, H. S. Lim, M. S. Kim, H. M. Kim, S. H. Ahn, B. E. Kwon, H. J. Ko, M. N. Kweon

研究成果: Article査読

184 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In humans, the composition of gut commensal bacteria is closely correlated with obesity. The bacteria modulate metabolites and influence host immunity. In this study, we attempted to determine whether there is a direct correlation between specific commensal bacteria and host metabolism. As mice aged, we found significantly reduced body weight and fat mass in Atg7 ΔCD11c mice when compared with Atg7 f/f mice. When mice shared commensal bacteria by co-housing or feces transfer experiments, body weight and fat mass were similar in both mouse groups. By pyrosequencing analysis, Bacteroides acidifaciens (BA) was significantly increased in feces of Atg7 ΔCD11c mice compared with those of control Atg7 f/f mice. Wild-type C57BL/6 (B6) mice fed with BA were significantly more likely to gain less weight and fat mass than mice fed with PBS. Of note, the expression level of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) was consistently increased in the adipose tissues of Atg7 ΔCD11c mice, B6 mice transferred with fecal microbiota of Atg7 ΔCD11c mice, and BA-fed B6 mice. Furthermore, B6 mice fed with BA showed elevated insulin levels in serum, accompanied by increased serum glucagon-like peptide-1 and decreased intestinal dipeptidyl peptidase-4. These finding suggest that BA may have potential for treatment of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and obesity.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)104-116
ページ数13
ジャーナルMucosal Immunology
10
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫アレルギー学
  • 免疫学

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