Helicobacter pylori is now well known as an important pathogen related to the development of gastric cancer. However, some clinicians still doubt the causal association of H. pylori with the development of gastric cancer. To summarize the recent clinical data on the link between H. pylori and gastric cancer, we reviewed related articles published over the past 3 years, after the award of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine to Drs. J.R. Warren and B.J. Marshall for the first culture and isolation of H. pylori and the investigation of their relevance to peptic ulcer disease. This updated summary of the relationship between H. pylori and gastric cancer highlights the strong link between the organism and the development of gastric cancer, and suggests eradication of this bacterial infection as a possible prophylactic measure against the development of this lethal malignancy. At present, clinicians and researchers in the field emphasize the strong need for H. pylori eradication from the human stomach.
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