Background and Aim: Whether Helicobacter pylori eradication prevents metachronous recurrence after endoscopic resection (ER) of early gastric cancer remains controversial. This multicenter retrospective study aimed to evaluate the long-term (> 5 years) effects of H. pylori eradication by stratifying patients' baseline degrees of atrophic gastritis. Methods: A total of 483 H. pylori-positive patients who had undergone ER for early gastric cancer were divided into two groups—(i) those having undergone successful H. pylori eradication within 1 year after ER (eradicated group, n = 294) and (ii) those with failed or not attempted H. pylori eradication (non-eradicated group, n = 189). The cumulative incidences of metachronous gastric cancer between the two groups were compared for all patients, for patients with mild-to-moderate atrophic gastritis (n = 182), and for patients with severe atrophic gastritis (n = 301). Results: During a median follow-up of 5.2 years (range 1.1–14.8), metachronous cancer developed in 52 (17.7%) patients in the eradicated group and in 35 (18.5%) patients in the non-eradicated group (P = 0.11, log–rank test). In patients with mild-to-moderate atrophic gastritis (111 and 71 in the eradicated and non-eradicated groups, respectively), the cumulative incidence of metachronous cancer was significantly lower in the eradicated group than that in the non-eradicated group (P = 0.03, log–rank test). However, no significant intergroup difference was observed in patients with severe atrophic gastritis (P = 0.69, log–rank test). Conclusions: Helicobacter pylori eradication had a preventive effect on the development of metachronous gastric cancer in patients with mild-to-moderate atrophic gastritis.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|出版ステータス||Accepted/In press - 2021|
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