We demonstrate efficient extraction of a single InAs quantum dot spontaneous emission through an air-suspended waveguide to which a photonic crystal nanobeam cavity is coupled. First, the quantum dot emission into the cavity mode is enhanced due to a high Purcell effect arising from a large quality factor and a small mode volume of the cavity mode. Second, the cavity photons can be efficiently transferred to the guided mode by optimizing the design of a structure that exhibits a high coupling rate between the two modes. This configuration has lead to the observation of a high extraction efficiency (79%) of the quantum dot emission through the waveguide. Moreover, as a result of the high extraction efficiency to the guided mode, the unwanted microphotoluminescence coupling to the free space modes and detected from the top surface of the sample is strongly suppressed. Indeed, we show that it exhibits a negative peak as a function of the detuning between the cavity mode energy and the quantum dot transition energy.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2012 8 22|
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