In this paper, we proposed a design to increase the sensitivity of a piezoresistive-type triaxial tactile sensor. Using conventional piezoresistive tactile sensors, in which the piezoresistive elements were completely embedded inside an elastic block, our proposed tactile sensor design features an air cavity underneath the piezoresistive elements. The cavity was created by pressing an elastic cap with microstructures onto the piezoresistive cantilevers of a sensor chip. We confirmed that the proposed design increased the sensitivity of the tactile sensor by approximately 150 times and 100 times in response to normal and lateral forces, respectively.
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