We study higher-form symmetries in a low-energy effective theory of a massless axion coupled with a photon in (3+1) dimensions. It is shown that the higher-form symmetries of this system are accompanied by a semistrict 3-group (2-crossed module) structure, which can be found by the correlation functions of symmetry generators of the higher-form symmetries. We argue that the Witten effect and anomalous Hall effect in the axion electrodynamics can be described in terms of 3-group transformations.
|ジャーナル||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 9 10|
ASJC Scopus subject areas