Background: The prognostic value of the EUVAS-proposed histopathological classification of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis has been evaluated throughout the world. Here, we performed a Japanese nationwide biopsy survey to assess the association between this histopathological classification and renal prognosis after 2-year follow-up in ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis. Methods: We collected 67 renal biopsy materials of the 321 entries in the RemIT-JAV-RPGN cohort study, and assessed their histologies. Based on the EUVAS-proposed histopathological classification and some histological parameters, we statistically evaluated renal survival and the comparison of renal function for 2 years. Results: Based on the histopathological classification, the largest number of biopsy samples belonged to the Focal class, followed by the Mixed, Crescentic, and Sclerotic classes (n = 30, 19, 10, 8, respectively). Although the number of events might be too low (four patients with renal death) to make this conclusion, the Focal and Mixed classes had higher renal-survival rates compared to the others in the renal-survival curve. Comparing renal function among all classes, the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) throughout 2-year follow-up period was significantly higher in the Focal class compared to the other 3 classes. The eGFR-values in the Crescentic, Mixed, and Sclerotic classes increased with time. Based on both combined results, the Focal class could be the best prognosis. Conclusion: This histopathological classification was valuable for both the stratification of renal function and the estimation of partial renal survival during 2-year follow-up in ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis.
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