Ho15J-A new hotfoot allele in a hot spot in the gene encoding the δ2 glutamate receptor

研究成果: Article

17 引用 (Scopus)

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Hotfoot, a recessive mouse mutation characterized by ataxia and jerky movements of the hindlimbs, is caused by various mutations in the gene (Grid2) encoding the δ2 glutamate receptor (GluRδ2). So far, at least 20 alleles, arising either spontaneously or through the random insertion of transgenes, have been described. Interestingly, most hotfoot mutants have deletions of one or more exons coding for portions of the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. However, because live mice colonies are no longer available for most hotfoot mutants, the possibility that the loss of a part of an intron might affect the splicing of other exons or the general efficiency of transcription could not be ruled out. Here, we report that a newly identified hotfoot mutant, ho15J, was caused by an intragenic deletion of the Grid2 gene, which indeed resulted in a new type of 52-amino-acid deletion in the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. Like GluRδ2 proteins in ho4J mutants, GluRδ2 proteins in ho15J mice were retained in the soma of Purkinje cells, where they were degraded. Long-term depression, a form of synaptic plasticity underlying information storage in the cerebellum, was abrogated, and ho15J mice showed severe motor discoordination on rotarod tests. The agreement between the PCR results for genomic DNA and the RT-PCR results for the ho15J allele supports the view that PCR analyses of grid2 genomic DNA can predict alterations in mRNA and protein. In addition, the present findings underscore the importance of the most amino-terminal domain in GluRδ2 signaling and cerebellar functions.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)153-160
ページ数8
ジャーナルBrain Research
1140
発行部数1
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2007 4 6

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Glutamate Receptors
Alleles
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Genes
Exons
Rotarod Performance Test
Mutation
Neuronal Plasticity
Information Storage and Retrieval
Purkinje Cells
DNA
Gene Deletion
Carisoprodol
Mutant Proteins
Ataxia
Hindlimb
Transgenes
Introns
Cerebellum
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

これを引用

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abstract = "Hotfoot, a recessive mouse mutation characterized by ataxia and jerky movements of the hindlimbs, is caused by various mutations in the gene (Grid2) encoding the δ2 glutamate receptor (GluRδ2). So far, at least 20 alleles, arising either spontaneously or through the random insertion of transgenes, have been described. Interestingly, most hotfoot mutants have deletions of one or more exons coding for portions of the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. However, because live mice colonies are no longer available for most hotfoot mutants, the possibility that the loss of a part of an intron might affect the splicing of other exons or the general efficiency of transcription could not be ruled out. Here, we report that a newly identified hotfoot mutant, ho15J, was caused by an intragenic deletion of the Grid2 gene, which indeed resulted in a new type of 52-amino-acid deletion in the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. Like GluRδ2 proteins in ho4J mutants, GluRδ2 proteins in ho15J mice were retained in the soma of Purkinje cells, where they were degraded. Long-term depression, a form of synaptic plasticity underlying information storage in the cerebellum, was abrogated, and ho15J mice showed severe motor discoordination on rotarod tests. The agreement between the PCR results for genomic DNA and the RT-PCR results for the ho15J allele supports the view that PCR analyses of grid2 genomic DNA can predict alterations in mRNA and protein. In addition, the present findings underscore the importance of the most amino-terminal domain in GluRδ2 signaling and cerebellar functions.",
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N2 - Hotfoot, a recessive mouse mutation characterized by ataxia and jerky movements of the hindlimbs, is caused by various mutations in the gene (Grid2) encoding the δ2 glutamate receptor (GluRδ2). So far, at least 20 alleles, arising either spontaneously or through the random insertion of transgenes, have been described. Interestingly, most hotfoot mutants have deletions of one or more exons coding for portions of the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. However, because live mice colonies are no longer available for most hotfoot mutants, the possibility that the loss of a part of an intron might affect the splicing of other exons or the general efficiency of transcription could not be ruled out. Here, we report that a newly identified hotfoot mutant, ho15J, was caused by an intragenic deletion of the Grid2 gene, which indeed resulted in a new type of 52-amino-acid deletion in the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. Like GluRδ2 proteins in ho4J mutants, GluRδ2 proteins in ho15J mice were retained in the soma of Purkinje cells, where they were degraded. Long-term depression, a form of synaptic plasticity underlying information storage in the cerebellum, was abrogated, and ho15J mice showed severe motor discoordination on rotarod tests. The agreement between the PCR results for genomic DNA and the RT-PCR results for the ho15J allele supports the view that PCR analyses of grid2 genomic DNA can predict alterations in mRNA and protein. In addition, the present findings underscore the importance of the most amino-terminal domain in GluRδ2 signaling and cerebellar functions.

AB - Hotfoot, a recessive mouse mutation characterized by ataxia and jerky movements of the hindlimbs, is caused by various mutations in the gene (Grid2) encoding the δ2 glutamate receptor (GluRδ2). So far, at least 20 alleles, arising either spontaneously or through the random insertion of transgenes, have been described. Interestingly, most hotfoot mutants have deletions of one or more exons coding for portions of the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. However, because live mice colonies are no longer available for most hotfoot mutants, the possibility that the loss of a part of an intron might affect the splicing of other exons or the general efficiency of transcription could not be ruled out. Here, we report that a newly identified hotfoot mutant, ho15J, was caused by an intragenic deletion of the Grid2 gene, which indeed resulted in a new type of 52-amino-acid deletion in the most amino-terminal domain of GluRδ2. Like GluRδ2 proteins in ho4J mutants, GluRδ2 proteins in ho15J mice were retained in the soma of Purkinje cells, where they were degraded. Long-term depression, a form of synaptic plasticity underlying information storage in the cerebellum, was abrogated, and ho15J mice showed severe motor discoordination on rotarod tests. The agreement between the PCR results for genomic DNA and the RT-PCR results for the ho15J allele supports the view that PCR analyses of grid2 genomic DNA can predict alterations in mRNA and protein. In addition, the present findings underscore the importance of the most amino-terminal domain in GluRδ2 signaling and cerebellar functions.

KW - Ataxia

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KW - Mutant

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