Objectives: Hydroxyapatite is a commonly used material for medical applications due to its excellent biocompatibility. We use hydroxyapatite prosthesis for the reconstruction of the ossicular chain in stapes surgery. In this study, we report a case series of endoscopic ear surgery using a basket-type hydroxyapatite prosthesis. Methods: We retrospectively examined 8 cases of endoscopic transcanal stapes surgery using hydroxyapatite prostheses. We evaluated the postoperative results and complications. Results: The average postoperative air–bone gaps were within 10 dB in all cases. Postoperative sensorineural hearing loss was not observed in any case. There was an intraoperative complication with the chorda tympani in 1 patient. We were able to preserve the chorda tympani of all patients, including this case. Postoperative transient dizziness and transient taste disorder were observed in 50% of cases. No other complications, including facial nerve palsy, tympanic membrane perforation, or postoperative infection, were observed. Conclusions: The postoperative results and complications were comparable to those of surgery under a microscope. The hydroxyapatite prosthesis could be a possible alternative for the piston-type titanium or polytetrafluoroethylene prosthesis.
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