Hypoxia Epigenetically Confers Astrocytic Differentiation Potential on Human Pluripotent Cell-Derived Neural Precursor Cells

Tetsuro Yasui, Naohiro Uezono, Hideyuki Nakashima, Hirofumi Noguchi, Taito Matsuda, Tomoko Noda-Andoh, Hideyuki Okano, Kinichi Nakashima

研究成果: Article査読

22 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Human neural precursor cells (hNPCs) derived from pluripotent stem cells display a high propensity for neuronal differentiation, but they require long-term culturing to differentiate efficiently into astrocytes. The mechanisms underlying this biased fate specification of hNPCs remain elusive. Here, we show that hypoxia confers astrocytic differentiation potential on hNPCs through epigenetic gene regulation, and that this was achieved by cooperation between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and Notch signaling, accompanied by a reduction of DNA methylation level in the promoter region of a typical astrocyte-specific gene, Glial fibrillary acidic protein. Furthermore, we found that this hypoxic culture condition could be applied to rapid generation of astrocytes from Rett syndrome patient-derived hNPCs, and that these astrocytes impaired neuronal development. Thus, our findings shed further light on the molecular mechanisms regulating hNPC differentiation and provide attractive tools for the development of therapeutic strategies for treating astrocyte-mediated neurological disorders.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1743-1756
ページ数14
ジャーナルStem cell reports
8
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 6月 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 遺伝学
  • 発生生物学
  • 細胞生物学

フィンガープリント

「Hypoxia Epigenetically Confers Astrocytic Differentiation Potential on Human Pluripotent Cell-Derived Neural Precursor Cells」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル